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Driveway Terminology Guide

18th March 2019

Alignment Tool
Used to ensure blocks are aligned.

CAT and Genny Scanner
Machine used to locate service pipes before starting dig out of job.

Damp Proof Membrane
A material made of polypropylene that is laid to prevent damp in brick walls.

Edgings
Blocks laid at the edge of driveways and patios.

Footings
The concrete layer which is required to build walls on.

Grade
The finished level of the driveway or patio, usually ground level

Honeycomb System
Plastic system used on gravel driveways to minimise migration of gravel.

Jointing
Mortar or grout applied to bricks and stones to build walls.

Kerbs
Stone edging to a raised path or raised driveway.

Mortar
Workable material used to bind bricks and stones together when building walls.

Permeable Blocks
Specific blocks which allow water to quickly run through the driveway or patio.

Screeding Tool
Tool used to smooth concrete after it has been laid.

Sharp Sand
Otherwise known as β€˜Builders Sand’, grittier than normal sand and provides a base for many driveways and patios.

Sub-Base
The layer of material that is laid on top of the sub-grade and below the driveway or patio. The material itself is also referred to by this name.

Sub-Grade
The material and level which is excavated to. The last layer of natural material on a job.

Wacker Plate
Vibrating machine used to compact and solidify materials and blocks.

Wall Caps
Laid on top of exterior brick walls.

Wall Copings
A stone, concrete or brick covering which is laid on top of exposed walls to stop water seeping into the wall.

Weed Proof Membrane
A layer of fabric laid to help prevent the growth of weeds through driveways and patios.

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